Define Light Rays and Beams

A ray of light or light rays are the direction along which the light energy travels. In practice a ray has a finite width and is represented in diagrams as straight lines.

A beam of light is a collection of rays. A search light emits a parallel beam of light (Fig: a). Light from a lamp travels in all directions which is a divergent beam. (Fig: b). A convex lens produces a convergent beam of light, when a parallel beam falls on it (Fig: c).


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