Some of the problems were the wide rivers, steep grades around Lake Baikal, permafrost in Eastern Siberia, extremes of temperatures and political turmoil. The Trans-Siberian Railway ran across Siberia to Vladivostok. The Trans-Siberian Railway track is called a vital artery because it has linked the outlying Siberian industrial regions and mining centers with the economic core area of European Russia. The Asian part of Russia is known as Asian Russia and the European part Russia is known as European Russia. The modernization of the Trans-Siberian Railway takes place in the 1930s. The Czar ruled Russia during the construction to the railway.
In the Czarist regime in 1891 the construction of the railway began. Thirty eight tunnels were cut through the mountain. The 4,607 mile long Trans-Siberian Railway is the longest railway la the world. The length of Trans-Siberian Railway is 4,607 miles. Trans-Siberian Railway, the longs Railway is the world, was constructed for linking the important parts of Siberia. The construction of this railroad encountered enormous problems. But all the obstacles gave into human endeavor. Opened in 1905 this Railway covered a distance of 5973 miles. It is like a vital artery that has joined the industrial and mining regions Russia.