QS Study

Data is raw, unorganized facts that need to be processed. Data can be something simple and seemingly random and useless until it is organized. Example: Each student’s test score is one piece of data.

When data is processed, organized, structured or presented in a given context so as to make it useful, it is called information. It is anything that is communicated. Example: The average score of a class or of the entire school is information that can be derived from the given data.

Difference between data and information: There are many differences between data and information. Some are given below –

Data

  1. Data is the raw materials from which information is generated.
  2. Data appear in form of text number, figure, audio, video, image or any combination of these.
  3. Data may or may not use to the decision maker and data must be processed to have become useful.
  4. There are many ways to collect data. For example, Summary, internet, interview.
  5. We can compare data as a raw material to produced information.
  6. Data expressed in a disorganized and inconsistent way

Information

  1. When we process data and convert into a form that is useful and meaningful to decision makers it becomes information.
  2. After processing data into a meaningful form it becomes information.
  3. Decision maker uses the information to make a decision.
  4. Human beings apply facts principle, knowledge, experience, the solution to convert data into information.
  5. We can compare information as finished goods.
  6. Information express and organized way.