Communism is an economic system where this group owns the elements of production. It is a political and economic ideology that opposes liberal democracy and capitalism, instead of supporting a classless system where the means of production are communally and not privately owned or strictly constricted. Exactly how communism differs from socialism has long been the subject of debate, but the difference depends largely on the communists’ adherence to Karl Marx’s revolutionary socialism.
Communism includes a wide variety of ideologies that broadly include Marxism and anarchism (especially anarcho-communism) as well as the political ideology surrounding both. All of these analyses that the current order of society is derived from its economic system and mode of production, capitalism; There are two main social classes in this system; The conflict between these two classes is the root of all problems in society, And this situation will eventually be resolved through a social revolution. In 1917, during the First World War, a Russian uprising overthrew Jazar and sparked a civil war that eventually led to the rise of a fierce Marxist power in 1922 led by Vladimir Lenin. The Bolsheviks founded the Soviet Union after this group. The former Imperial tried to put communist theory into practice on Russian soil. Since then, communism has been characterized by the form of the political and economic organizations formed in the Soviet Union and later adopted by the People’s Republic of China and other countries ruled by the Communist Party. According to this analysis, the revolution will bring the working class to power and consequently establish social ownership of the means of production which is the primary element of the transition to socialism.
The Soviet Union collapsed in 1991 under pressure to reform the economic and political system and to provide greater space for private enterprise and free expression. The rise of the Soviet Union as the world’s first nominal communist state led to the Soviet economic model and the widespread connection of communism with Marxism-Leninism, with some economists and intellectuals arguing that in reality, the model served as a form of state capitalism, or an administrative or command economic plan.