Campaign finance, collection and expenditure of money for the purpose of influencing a political vote, such as the election of a candidate or a referendum. Competitive elections require that contestants have a way to finance their election campaigns and routine activities. Campaign finance refers to all the funds raised and spent for the promotion of candidates, political parties or election policy, referendums, initiatives, party activities, and party organizations, an element of broad political meaning. At the federal level, campaigning laws are enacted by Congress and enforced by the Federal Election Commission (FEC), a federal election agency. Although most campaign expenses are financed privately (primarily through donors in subsidized industries), public funding is available during the primary or general election for U.S. presidential candidate pickers. Political parties and candidates need money to promote their electoral platforms and run effective campaigns. Efforts to control campaign finances reflect the commonly held belief that uncontrolled political fundraising and spending can undermine the integrity of the democratic process and erode voter confidence in political institutions.
When electoral contestants receive public funds for their campaigns, the funds can provide a greater level of the playground and help increase electoral competition. This could reduce the chances of private sources using their contributions to unnecessarily influence competitors, a form of political corruption. The rising cost of elections has been clearly demonstrated in the United States, where a large portion of fundraising and spending involves candidates and their parties, not political action committees (PACs), whose campaign activities are less rigorously involved than legislation on political candidates. Estimated total spending for the US presidential election nearly doubled between 2000 and 2012, rising from 3.1 billion to 5.6 billion. Indirect public financing is when candidates or parties are given free or reduced access to certain services, such as access to public media, use of state property for propaganda purposes, the printing of election materials, or use of state postal services. State resources belong to the whole people and should not be used for any political party or candidate. Despite his record spending, Corzine’s vote is behind the average New Jersey House Democrat and Democratic nominee for president, Al Gore, although Gore strongly campaigned very little in Democratic New Jersey. There is even some evidence that Carzin’s wealth was a liability, which is why many yardstick signals to his Republican opponent to “beg him to spend it all!”
Other countries such as Canada had limited both contributions and spending. In contrast to the U.S. counterpart, the Supreme Court of Canada has ruled in notable cases such as Libiman v. Quebec (199) and Harper v. Canada (2004) that sanctions can be enforced not only to prevent the undesirable influence of donors on bureaucrats’ decisions but to dominate the debate. To resist the ability of rich members of society to exert undue influence on elections. Public campaign financing data includes information on the public campaign finance limits and regulations, the amount distributed to each candidate or party (through direct campaign financing), and the allocation of public resources to each candidate or party (via indirect campaign finance).