A team comprises three or more people who may come from different departments within a business, but they collaborate together over time to achieve some set purpose, goal or project. The work team is actually the collective effort of each and every team member to achieve their assigned goal. With a team, individuals recognize the expertise and talents of others needed to achieve the team’s goal. Additionally, teams are often formed for temporary assignments with one specific goal. focus or outcome in mind.
In a word, the work team means a group of employees that work semi-autonomously on recurring tasks.
The wok team according to Griffin and Moorhead is a “Small number of people with complementary skills who are committed to a common purpose, common performance goals, and an approach for which they hold themselves mutually accountable.”
According to Newstrom and Keith Davis, “When the members of a task team know their objective contribute responsibly and enthusiastically to the task and support one another, they are exhibiting teamwork.” Characteristics:
- Develop goals and plans.
- Enhance communication among members.
- Develop and maintain positive relationships with members.
- Solve problems and make decisions on a timely basis.
- Successfully manage conflict.
So. it can be said that a group of employees that works semi-autonomously on recurring tasks is called work teams. Work teams are most useful where job content changes frequently and employees with limited skills and a specific set of duties are unable to cope.