There are a complex set of key forces that affect organizational behavior today. These key forces are classified into four areas- People, Structure, Technology, and Environment. There is an interaction of people, structure, and technology and these elements are influenced by the environment.
People make up the internal social system of the organization. That system consists of individuals and groups and groups may be large and small, formal and informal. Groups are dynamic. Group form, change and disband. Since the organization is a combination of a group of people. Managers must handle the people in the right direction. This is very challenging to guide people or employees who have different educational backgrounds, talent, and perspectives. So managers must understand predict and control the people. They build up a relationship with the employees and motivate themselves.
The structure defines the formal relationship and use of people in the organization. There are managers and employees, accounts assemblers in order to accomplish different kind activities. They are related in a structural way so that their work can be effectively coordinated. Because there is no organization can be successful without proper coordination.
Technology provides the resources with which people work. They cannot accomplish work with their bare hands. The great benefit of technology is that it allows people to do more and better work. But it also restricts people in various ways. It has cost as well as benefits. If any person has lack of technological knowledge he/she cannot work. Moreover, technology decrease per unit cost and improve quality of the products and services.
All organizations operate within an internal and an external environment. A single organization does not exist alone. An organization is a part of a larger system that contains many other elements, such as government, family, and other organizations. Any kinds of change in the environment affect the organization. Citizens expect organizations should be socially responsible. There is a direct impact of several tread unions of organizations.
So all the elements of environments influence the attitude and provide competition. It must be considered in the study of human behavior in the organization.