Components of Rural Development
The ‘rural’ development means the improvement of the villages. The social, economic and overall development of a rural area depends on a wide number of factors like agriculture, better planning, employment generation, etc. Rural development over the years was merged as a plan intended to develop the economic, social and cultural life of a particular group of people living in rural areas. In the villages, there are no good facilities for education, health, communication and so on.
In order to develop the villages, better facilities for education should be provided, the communication systems should be developed, and health complex should be set up for providing treatment facilities to the villagers. Here discuss in brief some of the chief components of rural development below-
(1) Employment Generation – It is the main component of rural development. Though, in rural areas, the agriculture sector is the largest employer. Therefore, to generate employment opportunities in villages, there is a need to strengthen the agriculture sector and also set up other industries.
(2) Better Planning – Better planning must be done by the government, to boost up the local economy of a village by employing a development model conducive to its growth. A village economy largely depends on agriculture and hence any positive changes made in the latter will automatically improve the state of the former.
(3) Better Roads – Better road connectivity is a major sign of rural development which also improves the agriculture sector. Better roads and connectivity to urban trade centers mean that the farm produces to reach the market early and fetch a good price, hence, aiding in the agricultural economy as well.
(4) Modern Techniques – Introducing modern techniques in agriculture and allied industries will automatically improve the overall development of villages. Using genetically modified seeds and organic fertilizers for better yield will consequently lead to the overall development of rural areas.
(5) Basic Amenities – The availability of basic amenities like water and electricity is also a major component of rural development. It also improves crop yield by ensuring that the field never runs dry even when the natural rain is scarce. Similarly, a continuous electricity supply is also beneficial for agriculture.
We hope that rural areas will again produce gold through the progress of the village. It can be said that rural development is the true development of the country. So, we should come forward to develop our rural areas.