QS Study

Thrombocytopenia occurs when decreased number of platelets below the lower limit of 20 million/cu mm of blood. It is a condition in which you have a low blood platelet count. A normal human platelet count ranges from 150,000 to 450,000 platelets per microliter of blood.

Cause: Platelets are made in our bone marrow, the spongy tissue inside our bones. We get thrombocytopenia if our body doesn’t make sufficient of them, or if they’re damaged faster than they can be made.

Fig: Thrombocytopenia

Primary: Idiopathic

Secondary: More common

  1. Drug & chemical
  2. Leukaemias
  3. Aplastic anaemia
  4. Secondary carcinoma
  5. Malignant lymphoma
  6. Hypersplenism
  7. DLE (Discoid Lupus Erythematosus)

Congenital: Infection, drug, immune hereditary.

Symptoms: Thrombocytopenia signs and symptoms may include:

Excessive bruising, Purple or red bruises, called purpura, Bleeding from your gums or nose, Blood in urine or stools, Unusually heavy menstrual flows, Fatigue, Enlarged spleen, Jaundice etc.