QS Study

Pleurisy is a condition in which the pleura is inflamed. Inflammation of the pleura (pleuritis or pleurisy), secondary to inflammation of the lung (e.g., pneumonia), results in the pleural surfaces becoming coated with inflammatory exudate, causing the surfaces to be roughened. This roughening produces friction, and a pleural rub can be heard with the stethoscope on inspiration and expiration. It can be accompanied by a fluid buildup that puts pressure on the lungs and causes them to stop working properly. Often the exudate becomes invaded by fibroblasts, which lay down collagen and bind the visceral pleura to the parietal pleura, forming pleural adhesions.

Pleurisy 1

It is a situation in which the pleura, a membrane consisting of a layer of tissue that lines the inner side of the chest cavity and a layer of tissue that surrounds the lungs, become inflamed. It occurs when the pleura becomes irritated and inflamed. Bacterial infections such as pneumonia often cause pleurisy. It can also be caused by a virus such as the flu, or by a fungus. The severity of the condition can range from mild to life-threatening. Treatment generally involves relieving the pain.

The main symptoms of pleurisy might include: The main symptom of pleurisy is chest pain.

  • Chest pain that worsens when you breathe, cough or sneeze
  • Shortness of breath — because you are trying to minimize breathing in and out.
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