QS Study

Merits and Demerits of Oral Pill

Birth control pills or Oral Pill are medications that prevent pregnancy. It contains artificial versions of female hormones oestrogen and progesterone, which women produce naturally in their ovaries. They are a kind of medicine with hormones that you take every day to prevent pregnancy. It also has other benefits like reducing acne, making your periods normal, and reduction menstrual cramps.

A woman can get pregnant if a man’s sperm reaches one of her eggs (ova). Oral Pill or Contraception tries to discontinue this occurrence generally by keeping the egg and sperm separately or by stopping the release of an egg (ovulation).

Advantages/Merit of an oral pill –

(1) Most effective,

(2) The method is simple,

(3) Available & cheap,

(4) No interference with a sexual activity,

(5) The application method is easy,

(6) Less side effect,

(7) It prevents at least six diseases –

  • Dysmenorrhoea,
  • Benign fibrotic disease of breast, ovary,
  • Autoimmune thyroid diseases,
  • Rheumatoid arthritis,
  • Ovarian and endometrial cancer,
  • Ovarian cyst.

Some disadvantages of the pill include:

  • It can reason momentary side effects at first, such as headaches, vomiting, breast tenderness, and mood swings etc.
  • It can increase your blood pressure
  • It does not protect you against sexually transmitted infections
  • In a few cases, it can cause serious problems like blood clots and breast cancer.
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