QS Study

The placenta is an endocrine gland that is only present during pregnancy. It functions as a relation between the mother and the fetus during fetal growth. The placenta is the organ that provides the convey of oxygen and carbon dioxide, as well as nutrients and wastes, between the mother and the fetus.

Functions of the placenta:

(A) Exchange of respiratory gases (O2, CO2) between mother and fetus.

(B) Exchange of nutrients (amino acid, fatty acid, and carbohydrate), electrolytes, metabolic end products between fetus and mothers.

(C) Detoxification of toxic substances.

(D) Transmission of antibodies from mother to fetus.

(E) Transmission of the drug from mother to fetus.

(F) It acts as connecting media of the fetus to the mother.

(G) It prevents many harmful substances from reaching the fetus. It helps to separate maternal blood and fetal blood.

(H) Synthesis of several hormones –