QS Study

The prostate is an accessory gland of the male reproductive system. The major function of the prostate is to create fluid for semen, which transports sperm throughout the male orgasm. This is the fluid that carries sperm. The muscles of the prostate also ensure that the semen is compellingly pressed into the urethra and then expelled outwards during ejaculation.

Clinical Importance –

Benign enlargement of the prostate (BEP): After 50 years of age the prostate is often enlarged due to benign hypertrophy or due to the formation of adenoma. This may cause retention of urine due to distortion of the urethra.

Prostatectomy (removal of the prostate) relieves the urinary obstruction.

  1. Inflammation of the prostate (prostatitis) may occur.
  2. The prostatic carcinoma is not very uncommon. It can also give rise to urinary symptoms.
  3. For urologists, the prostate volume is clinically significant in the evaluation and management of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), i.e., to assess whether 5-α reductase inhibitor therapy would be effective, etc.

Prostate size is also important when using some new treatment technologies and for planning a surgical strategy for removing all or part of the prostate.