The difference between operating lease and long-term lease are:
- Definition: A lease in which all risks and rewards related to asset ownership remain with the lessor for the leased asset is called operating lease. In this lease, the asset is returned by the lessee after using it for lease term agreed upon.
- Ownership: Ownership of the asset remains with the lessor for the entire lease period.
- Accounting Effect: Operating lease is treated generally like renting. That means, the lease payments are treated as operating expenses and the asset does not show on the balance sheet.
- Purchase Option: In operating lease, the lessee does not have an option to buy the asset during the lease period.
- Example: Normally, A Projector, Computers, Laptops, Coffee Dispensers etc
- Definition: In financial lease (Also known as capital lease), the risks and rewards related to ownership of asset leased are transferred to the lessee
- Ownership: Ownership transfer option at the end of the lease period is there with the lessee. Title might or might not be transferred eventually
- Accounting Effect: Financial lease is treated like loan generally. Here, the asset ownership is considered by the lessee and so asset appears on the balance sheet.
- Purchase Option: Financial lease allows the lessee to have a purchase option at less than the fair market value of the asset.
- Example: Normally, Plant, and Machinery, Land, Office Building etc