Differences between free radical and ionic reactions
Free radical reactions
- The reactions proceed through free radicals produced by hemolytic fission of covalent bonds.
- They are catalyzed by light, peroxide and high temperature.
- These reactions occur in non-polar solvents or in gaseous state.
- They are usually chain reaction.
- They are hindered by free radicals.
Polar or ionic reactions
- The reactions proceed through ions produced by heterolytic fission of covalent bonds.
- These reactions are catalyzed by acid or base.
- They occur in polar solvents.
- They are not chain reaction.
- They are not influenced by free radicals.