QS Study

General characteristics of p-block elements

  1. The general electronic configuration of p-block elements is ns2 np1-6.
  2. These elements include metals and non-metals with a few semi metals (Metalloids)
  3. Most of them form covalent compounds.
  4. These elements possess relatively higher ionization energy and the value tends to increase along the period but decrease down the group.
  5. Most of the elements show negative (except some metals) as well as positive oxidation states (except Fluorine).
  6. One of the familiar characteristic of p-block elements is to show inert pair effect i.e. the tendency of being less availability for ns electron in bonding.

The inert pair effect increases down the group with the increase in atomic number.