Steps in the process of Organizing
Organizing involves a series of steps that need to be taken in order to achieve the desired goal. Organizing essentially implies a process which coordinates human efforts, assembles resources and integrates both into a unified whole to be utilized for achieving specified objectives.
The following steps emerge in the process of organizing:
- Identification and division of work: The first step in the process of organizing involves identifying and dividing the work that has to be done in accordance with previously determined plans. The work is divided into manageable activities so that duplication can be avoided and the burden of work can be shared among the employees.
- Departmentalization: Once work has been divided into small and manageable activities then those activities which are similar in nature are grouped together. Such sets facilitate specialization. This grouping process is called departmentalization.
- Assignment of duties: It is necessary to allocate work to various employees. Once departments have been formed, each of them is placed under the charge of an individual. Jobs are then allocated to the members of each department in accordance to their skills and competencies.
- Establishing reporting relationships: Merely allocating work is not enough. Each individual should also know who he has to take orders from and to whom he is accountable. The establishment of such clear relationships helps to create a hierarchal structure and helps in coordination amongst various