Purposes and Objectives of Mass Communication
Mass communication serves public messages quickly to a large number of people who are far away form the source of information. The scope of mass communication is very extensive and it deals with a variety of objectives. Its significant objectives are discussed below:
To inform people: The most fundamental objective of mass communication is to provide information to mass people. Information of mass communication may be related to education, weather, sports, products and services, public holidays, festivals, recreation and entertainment.
To build public opinion: Another important objective of mass communication is to create public opinion on any national or international issue. Mass media attempts to create public opinion through providing their audiences with a realistic picture of the world, activities of the leaders, governmental policies etc. Mass media also tries to build public opinion through special articles, editorials, and commentaries.
To Persuade: Mass communication aims at persuading people to bring a change in their beliefs, opinions, attitudes and thinking on a number of issues like smoking, voting, religious convictions, donation, dowry culture etc. Moreover, business enterprises design various advertisements to persuade potential customers.
To circulate government policies: Another objective of mass communication is to announce and circulate government programs and policies. Mass media can bring such policies to the public notice very quickly.
To disseminate health and education programs: Government takes various health and educational programs like vaccination, sanitation, birth control, open education, mass education etc. These health and education programs are disseminated and implemented through me media like radio, television, films, newspapers etc.
To help in facing disaster and calamity: Mass communication also aims at creating public awareness to face natural and men made disasters like flood, earthquake, war, riot etc. with due courage and energy. Through mass media, necessary instructions, strategies, & programs are circulated so that people can take proactive preparation.
To highlight diplomatic role: In this uni-global world, every country wants to highlight its diplomatic role in global peacekeeping and development activities. Such diplomatic role can conveniently be disseminated and highlighted through mass media.
To promote political ideologies: Political parties rely on mass media to promote their ideologies, plans, programs and manifestos. With the help mass media they try to create public opinion in their favour.
From the above discussion, we can conclude that mass communication has diversified objectives. Different messages have different aims. However, mass communication is mainly dedicated to ensure well being of all classes of people in the society.