A programming language is a language that allows a program to develop the instructions in the computer system. It is a computer language engineered to create a standard form of commands. These commands can be interpreted into a code understood by a machine. For example, Machine language, assembler language etc.
The term programming language usually refers to high-level languages, such as BASIC, C, C++, COBOL, Java, FORTRAN, Ada, and Pascal.
Major types of programming language: There are different programming languages. These are as follows –
- Machine language or first generation language: Machine language is a programming language where instructions are expressed in the binary code of the computer.
- Assembler language or second generation language: Assembler language is a programming language that symbol, to represent operation course, and storage location.
- High-level language or third generation language: High-level language use instruction, which is called statements that use brief statements or arithmetic expressions.
- Fourth generation language: Fourth generation language are the programming language that is easier to used high-level language, BASIC, COBOL, FORTRAN etc.
- Objective-oriented language: Objective oriented language used to develop a program that creates and use objects to perform information processing task. For example, JAVA, HTML etc.