Methods or Media of Horizontal Communication
Horizontal communication occurs between people holding the same hierarchical position. Both written and oral methods are used to make horizontal communication effective. The methods / media of horizontal communication are discussed below:
Oral Method: Horizontal communication is most effective when it is done through oral means. Telephonic conversation, face- to-face discussion, meetings, interviews, seminars, conferences etc. are the widely used oral means of horizontal communication.
Written Method: Horizontal communication also takes place through written media. The written means of horizontal communication include letters, memos, reports, etc. At last, it can be concluded that the efficacy, of horizontal communication primarily depends on verbal means, yet written methods can be used to transmit important messages.