Internal Environment of Human Resource Management
In simple words, environment comprises all those forces which have their bearing on the functioning of various activities including human resource activities. Environment scanning helps HR manager become proactive to the environment which is characterized by change and intense competition. Human resource management is performed in two types of environments – internal and innovative; here describe Internal Environment of Human Resource Management.
These are the forces internal to an organization. Internal forces have a profound influence on HR functions. The internal environment of HRM consists of unions, organizational culture, and conflict, professional bodies, organizational objectives, policies, etc. A brief mention of these follows.
(1) Unions: Trade unions are formed to safeguard the interest of its members/workers. HR activities like recruitment, selection, training, compensation, industrial relations, and separations are carried out in consultation with trade union leaders.
(2) Organizational Culture and Conflict: As individuals have personality, organizations have cultures. Each organization has its own culture that distinguishes one organization from another. Culture may be understood as sharing of some core values or beliefs by the members of the organization “Value for time” are the culture of Reliance Industries Limited. The culture of Tata conglomerate is “get the best people and set them free”.
(3) Professional Bodies: Like other professional bodies, the NIPM as the HR professional body regulates the functions of HR practitioners in India. For this the NIPM in of ethics which the HR practitioners are expected to declare their allegiance to the code. Thus, professional bodies also influence HR functions of an organization.