Communication has been defined as a process. This process involves elements like source, encoding, media/channel, receiver, decoding and feedback. Components of the communication process include a sender, encoding of a message, selecting of a channel of communication, receipt of the message by the receiver and decoding of the message.
The elements involved in communication process are explained below:
(i) Sender: Sender means person who conveys his thoughts or ideas to the receiver. The sender represents source of communication
(ii) Message: It is the content of ideas, feelings, suggestions, order etc., intended to be communicated.
(iii) Encoding: It is the process of converting the message into communication symbols such as words, pictures, gestures etc.
(iv) Media: It is the path though which encoded message is transmitted to receiver. The channel may be in written form, face to face, phone call, internet etc.
(v) Decoding: It is the process of converting encoded symbols of the sender.
(vi) Receiver: The person who receives communication of the sender.
(vii) Feedback: It includes all those actions of receiver indicating that he has received and understood message of sender.