Differences between Informational and Analytical Reports

Differences between Informational and Analytical Reports

Differences between Informational and Analytical Reports

On the basis of use, reports are classified as Informational report and Analytical report. These reports differ in a variety of ways. Some of the distinctions between them are presented below:

Informational report

  • Definition: An informational report is one that contains details information without analysis or recommendation
  • Objective: The objective of informational report is to carry information from one area of business to another.
  • Readers/users: Officers, board of directors and stockholders of the company usually read such a report.
  • Example: Annual reports, progress reports, statement of policies and procedures etc are the examples of informational report.
  • Length: Length of informational report is relatively short.
  • Proficiency of the reporter: Preparation of informational report requires clerical efficiency.
  • Decision making: Since informational report presents information without analysis and interpretation, it is less helpful in making instant decision.

 

Analytical report

  • Definition: Analytical report is one that presents, analyzes, interprets information and makes recommendations on complex and critical problems.
  • Objective: Objective of analytical report is to solve problems.
  • Readers/users: Top-level management is the target reader of analytical report.
  • Example: Examples of analytical reports are suggestion reports, recommendations reports, justification reports etc.
  • Length: Analytical report has the maximum length.
  • Proficiency of the reporter: In order to prepare analytical report, the reporter must have analytical and interpretative knowledge.
  • Decision making: Since analytical report interprets information and makes recommendations, it is useful in making instant decision.

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