The staffing function deals with the human element of management. Managing the human component of an organization is the most important task because the performance of an organization depends upon how well this function is performed. The success of an organization in achieving its goals is determined to a great extent on the competence, motivation, and performance of its human resources. The staffing function does not end only with the appointment of employees. It includes training, promotion, compensation, etc. All these activities help in motivating the employees and boost up the morale of the employees.
Staffing is concerned with filling various positions or jobs in the organization with the appropriate human resources. It is the administration function dedicated to acquiring, training, appraising, and compensating employees. The staffing function of management involves the supervision of the organization formed with the correct number and the exact type of managers. If the right types of persons are not obtainable, the organization would not be capable to complete its objectives.
Human Resource Management includes many specialized activities and duties which the human resource personnel must perform. These duties are:
- Recruitment i.e., search for qualified people
- Analyzing jobs, collecting information about jobs to prepare job descriptions.
- Developing compensation and incentive plans.
- Training and development of employees for efficient performance and career growth.
- Maintaining labour relations and union management relations.
- Providing for social security and welfare of employees.
- Defending the company in lawsuits and avoiding legal complications.
This shows that Human Resources Management is a much broader concept and includes a wider gamut of activities. HRM can also be performed by line managers.
Following features shows Staffing as a part of Human Resource Management –
- Staffing is people-centered: It is concerned with all categories of workers from top to the bottom of the organization.
- Staffing requires the use of human skills – Staffing is concerned with the training and development of human resources. Every manager uses human relation skills in providing direction and guidance to the subordinates. Performance appraisal, reassign, and promotion of subordinates are also necessary.
- Staffing is a continuous function – It is significant for both new and existing organizations. In a recognized organization, every manager is occupied in different staffing activities. A new organization, there has recruitment, selection, and training of personnel.
Staffing is a vital division of human resource management. Every enterprise requires managerial and non-managerial employees. It is a natural element of the job of every manager to procure, expand, and inspire workers who can work professionally for the goals of the organization. Staffing is apprehensive with procurement, development, compensation, maintenance, and assimilation of managers or executives. Human Resource Management deals with the effectual procurement and deployment of manpower or resources.