Approaches towards Pollution Control
Whether the pollution is water, air, solid waste, noise, or something else, some of it is transitory and will soon be solved by normal ecological processes. Other pollution is man-made and tends to be more permanent or to recur frequently unless man does something about it. Pluralism in Action:
Efforts toward pollution control provide an excellent example of pluralism in action, showing both its fault and strengths. There are duplicated efforts, confusion, and slow responses; but there are also wise countervailing powers, an array of different talents and approaches and the creativity and enthusiasm that come from active participation
(a) The search for technological Breakthroughs: The most exciting approach to pollution control is the search for technological breakthrough which turns potential pollutants into harmless or desirable by-product.
(b) Voluntary business Response: Another approach to pollution control is voluntary business action to prevent pollution or remove it. Business typically recognizes pollution control as one more cost of doing business in a modern environment.
(c) Countervailing Powers among Businesses: Like most other groups, businessmen do not have uniform attitudes toward the environment. Different types of business want different conditions in the environment; consequently, powerful countervailing pressures arise within the business itself.
(d) Role of government: The government may offer different types of incentives to those firm’s which reduce pollution. Sometimes these incentives work towards standards that may eventually be required.
(e) Quality of life: It is a fundamental right to people when people insist on a higher environmental quality of life.
(f) Ecology: Mankind’s activities are not to be threatening with nature but it must be kept in harmony long-run existence of the human race.
(g) Complexity: Ecological problems exist in a complex system. There is no easy solution. There is no economical solution since there is unknown’s situation. So it is of some complexity.
(h) Social costs: Air and water are no longer tree public goods. The user now must pay for his effect on them.
(i) Mutual cooperation: Environmental problems are also large that they required the cooperation of all segments of pluralistic Society.
(j) International cooperation: Since ecological difficult are worldwide international cooperation regionally and within the united nation is required.
(k) Cost/benefit analysis: For effective environmental decisions cost/benefit analysis required.