Psychotherapy is a common term used to describe the process of treating psychiatric disorders and mental illnesses through the use of oral and psychological techniques. It is a tool and like other tools, it is designed to overcome our innate vulnerability and increase our ability to overcome the kind of tendency that nature has actually given us. The purpose of psychotherapy is to improve a person’s well-being and mental health, to resolve or reduce disturbing behaviors, beliefs, obligations, thoughts or feelings, and to improve relationships and social skills. There are multiple psychotherapies designed for children and adolescents, usually involving play, such as sand play. During this process, a trained psychotherapist helps the client deal with specific or common problems, such as a specific mental illness or source of life stress.
On the basis of a definition developed by the American Psychological Association John C. Norcross, a proposal regarding the effectiveness of psychotherapy was adopted in 2012: “The informed and deliberate application of clinical methods and interpersonal positions derived from psychological principles established to help people with their behavior, knowledge, emotions, and other behaviors.” To refine the specific features that participants deem desirable “.The therapy can be used by itself to treat a disorder, or it can go hand in hand with medication. By providing instant relief or a solution, the drug provides a band-assisting effect, digging deeper to eliminate the psychotherapy problem or offer a more lasting solution. Individuals generally seek psychotherapy at a time when their moods, feelings, moods, and behaviors that adversely affect their ability to enjoy their daily lives, relationships, and lives.
Types of Psychotherapy
Psychiatrists and other mental health professionals use a variety of therapies. The choice of the type of therapy depends on the particular illness and situation of the patient and his / her choice. In many cases, physicians use a combination of techniques. Although various types of therapies are present, some psychotherapy techniques have proven to be effective:
- Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT): Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) helps people identify and alter harmful or dysfunctional thoughts and behavior patterns, replacing them with more accurate thoughts and effective behaviors. Psychotherapy is a form that examines how beliefs and thoughts are linked to behaviors and feelings. It teaches skills that re-train your behavior and thinking style to help you cope with stress and situations.
- Interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT): It helps patients understand the underlying interpersonal issues that may be related to problem-solving, such as unresolved grief, changes in social or work roles, conflicts with significant others, and issues related to others. It helps to deal with the feelings involved, as well as effective coping strategies.
- Dialectical behavior therapy: Dialectical behavior therapy, a type of CBT that teaches behavioral skills to help cope with stress, manages emotions and improves relationships with others. It is often used to treat suicidal thoughts and borderline personality disorder, eating disorders and people with PTSD. It teaches new skills to help people take personal responsibility for changing unhealthy or disruptive behavior.
- Psychodynamic therapy: The psychoanalyst therapist will encourage you to say what you have in mind. Psychodynamic therapy is based on the idea that behavior and mental well-being are influenced by childhood experiences and inappropriate repetitive thoughts or feelings (beyond the person’s awareness).
- Supportive psychotherapy: Assistive therapy uses guidance and encouragement to help patients develop their own resources. It strengthens the ability to fights stress and difficult situations.
It is important to note that psychotherapy solutions do not work for some type of disorder or illness, or are better than one type of psychology strategy or another. Psychotherapy is offered in a variety of formats, including individual, couple, family or group therapy sessions, and can be effective for all ages. A successful treatment system often comes as a result of a combination of a variety of strategies and factors, including a strong personal support goal for clients, therapist relationships, family and friends, and a strong external support system, including inspiration and in some cases medicine.