What is fertilization? Discuss the Importance of Fertilization

What is fertilization? Discuss the Importance of Fertilization

Fertilization is the union of two dissimilar sexual reproductive units called gametes (n).

The significance of fertilization: The following are the significances performed due to the union (fusion) of male and female gametes (n + n):

  • Fertilization ensures diploid of the life form by fusion of haploid male and female gametes. The haploid form of two gametes is transformed into a diploid form of the zygote (2n).
  • It provides new genetic constitution to the zygote. It initiates embryogenesis.
  • The ovules are converted into seeds. Then, the ovary is turned into a fruit.
  • The seeds formed by fertilization protect the generation of plants. Thus it is noticed that seeds and fruits are formed due to fertilization.
  • This procedure increases the metabolic activities and the rate of protein synthesis of the egg.
  • Seeds and fruits formed due to fertilization are used as food for the animal kingdom.

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