QS Study

Fertilization is the union of two dissimilar sexual reproductive units called gametes (n).

The significance of fertilization: The following are the significances performed due to the union (fusion) of male and female gametes (n + n):

  • The haploid form of two gametes are transformed into a diploid form of the zygote (2n)
  • The ovules are converted into seeds.
  • The ovary is turned into a fruit.
  • The seeds formed by fertilization protect the generation of plants. Thus it is noticed that seeds and fruits are formed due to fertilization.
  • Seeds and fruits formed due to fertilization are used as food for the animal kingdom.