Nucleic acid: Nucleic acid is a very important biochemical substance for every organism.
Types: Nucleic acid is of two types.
- Ribonucleic acid (RNA)
- Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
Main components of nucleic acid: The main components of nucleic acid are as follows:
i. Pentose sugar: Ribose or Deoxyribose
ii. Inorganic phosphate and
iii. Nitrogen base- Adanine, Guanine, Cs tos:nc, I h% none and I irucil
Purine base: Adenine and guanine are known as purine base. Punne bases have double ring structure.
Pyrimidine base: Cytosine, Thymine and uracil are called pyrimidine bases. Pyrimidine bases have single ring structure.