Monocotyledonous Stem is the monocot stem has a sclerenchymatous hypodennis. a large number of scattered vascular bundles, each surrounded by a sclerenchymatous bundle sheath and a large, conspicuous parenchymatous ground tissue (Figure). Vascular bundles are conjoint and closed. Peripheral vascular bundles are generally smaller than the centrally located ones. The phloem parenchyma is absent and water-containing cavities are present within the vascular bundles.
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