QS Study

Blood vascular system of cockroach is an open type (Figure). Blood vessels are poorly developed and open into space (haemocoel). Visceral organs located in the haemocoel are bathed in blood (haemolymph). The haemolymph is composed of colourless plasma and haemocytes.


Heart of cockroach consists of elongated muscular tube lying along the mid-dorsal line of thorax and abdomen. It is differentiated into funnel-shaped chambers with ostia on either side. Blood from sinuses enter the heart through ostia and is pumped anteriorly to sinuses again.