Chemical Equilibrium - QS Study
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Applications of Principles of Chemical Equilibrium: Synthesis of Ammonia

Applications of the Principles of Chemical Equilibrium to Reactions of Industrial Importance In industrial processes the primary objective is to maximize the yield of products......

Effect of Temperature on Equilibrium

Effect of temperature on equilibrium The effect of temperature on equilibrium depends on whether the reaction is exothermic or endothermic. A temperature change occurs when......

Effect of Adding an Inert Gas

Effect of adding an inert gas If an inert (non-reacting) gas is added to a system of gaseous equilibrium at constant volume (the total pressure......

Effect of Catalyst on Equilibrium

Effect of catalyst on equilibrium A catalyst does not affect the position of equilibrium and hence it does not have any effect on the value......

Effect of Change in Concentration on Chemical Equilibrium

Effect of change in concentration If a chemical system at equilibrium experiences a change in concentration, temperature, volume, or partial pressure, then the equilibrium shifts......

Effect of Pressure Change on Chemical Equilibrium

Effect of pressure change on chemical equilibrium Homogeneous reactions in solution or in solid state are not accompanied by appreciable change in volume but this......

Factors Influencing Equilibrium: The Principle of Le Chatelier

Factors Influencing Equilibrium: The Principle of Le Chatelier Le-Chatelier, a French Chemist, made a generalization to explain the effect of changes in concentration, temperature or......

Heterogeneous Equilibria

Heterogeneous Equilibria A homogeneous equilibrium occurs when all reagents and products are found in the same phase (solid, liquid, or gas) and a heterogeneous equilibrium......

Equilibria in Solution

Equilibria in Solution Applications of the equilibrium constants in solutions are numerous in connection with ionic equilibria. Such equilibria are also of great importance in......

Homogeneous Equilibria

Homogeneous Equilibria A homogeneous equilibrium has the whole thing present in the similar phase. The common examples contain reactions where everything is a gas, or......

Activity and Activity Co-efficient in Chemical Equilibrium

Activity and Activity Co-efficient in Chemical Equilibrium It must be emphasized that the expressions for equilibrium constant Equilibrium Law equations KC = {[L]le x [M]me} /{ [A]ae......

Calculations involving Chemical Equilibrium

Calculations involving Chemical Equilibrium For solving most problems relating to finding equilibrium moles and equilibrium constant the following steps can be followed; Set up a......

Criteria of Chemical Equilibrium

Criteria of Chemical Equilibrium Whether in a system true equilibrium has been established or not need careful consideration. Several changes, both physical and chemical, appear......

Determination of Equilibrium Constants

Determination of Equilibrium Constants In determining the equilibrium constants the concentrations of the various species at equilibrium are to be known. This has to be......

Gaseous Equilibria

Gaseous Equilibria The concentrations of gases in a mixture usually are expressed in terms of the partial pressure of the gases. Since the partial pressure......