Zika Virus: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment - QS Study
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Zika virus is a mosquito-borne disease that is extends by the Aedes species of mosquito; which usually causes asymptomatic or mild infection like; fever and rash; in humans. The virus incubation stage is about three to 12 days after the bite of an infected mosquito.

It was foremost recognized in the Zika Valley in Africa in 1947. Outbreaks have since been reported in southeastern and southern Asia, the Pacific Islands and the Americas. Infection with the Zika virus is hardly ever ruthless enough to warrant hospitalization, and it is rarer still for a person to die as a result.

 

Symptoms
Most people contaminated with Zika virus have no signs and symptoms. The signs are similar to other arbovirus diseases such as dengue, and consist of fever, skin efflorescence, red eyes, muscle and joint pain and headache.

Zika virus diseases most generally include:

  • rash
  • itching all over the body
  • fever
  • joint or muscle pain

Other signs and symptoms may include:

  • headache
  • conjunctivitis (red eyes)

The majority people get well fully, with symptoms resolving in as regards a week. Once a person has been infected, scientists think they are perhaps protected from future infections.

 

Causes
Zika is extending generally by the bite of an infected Aedes type mosquito. Zika can be passed from a pregnant woman to her child. Infection during pregnancy can cause definite birth defects. There is no vaccine or drug for Zika.

When a mosquito bites an individual infected with a Zika virus, the virus enters the mosquito. When the infected mosquito then bites a new individual, the virus enters that person’s bloodstream.

Zika virus can also be extending by:

  • sexual conduction through semen and vaginal fluids of contaminated persons
  • an infected, pregnant woman to her developing fetus
  • blood donations from infected donors

Fig: Infection during pregnancy can cause definite birth defects

 

Treatment
There is no particular cure for Zika virus symptoms.

No definite antiviral healing for Zika virus disease exists. Treatment is intended at mitigate symptoms with rest, fluids and medications — such as acetaminophen (Tylenol, others) and ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others) — to alleviate joint pain and fever.

People ailing with Zika virus must get ample of rest, drink sufficient fluids, and care for pain and fever with general medicines.

Doctors advise the following actions for people with the virus:

  • resting
  • Drink fluids to prevent dehydration
  • relieving pain and fever with medications, such as acetaminophen

 

Risk Factors
Zika virus infections through pregnancy have been allied to miscarriage and can reason microcephaly, a potentially fatal congenital brain situation. Zika virus also may basis other neurological disorders such as Guillain-Barre syndrome.

Zika virus can be spread through sexual intercourse. This is of anxiety due to an relationship between Zika virus infection and unpleasant pregnancy and fetal outcomes.

Conclusion
Zika virus disease is mostly extending by mosquitoes. For the majority people it is an exceptionally mild infection and isn’t dangerous. However, it may be further severe for pregnant women, as there’s facts it causes birth defects.