How will you investigate hyperglycemia in 50 years old person? - QS Study
QS Study

Hyperglycemia or high blood sugar is an abnormally high blood glucose (blood sugar) level in the blood. Diabetes is the most common cause of high blood sugar. A person of 50 years old is found to have hyperglycemia (fasting level of more than 120 mg/dl. are to be investigated as follows;

(A) Testing the urine

It is the most important screening test for diabetes.

  • Testing the urine for glucose: Glucose appears in urine when glucose level exceeds 9-10 mmol/L.
  • Testing the urine for ketone bodies: In uncontrolled diabetes mellitus, ketone bodies can be found.

(B) Random Blood Glucose Level (RBG): 11.1 mmol/L (200 mg/dl) or more.

(C) Fasting blood Glucose level:

  • Normal: 65 – 110 mg/dl.
  • Diabetes mellitus (DM): 140 mg/dl or more.

(D) Two hours postprandial:

  • Done two hours after intake of food (i.e., Breakfast)
  • DM: 11.1 mmol/L (200 mg/dl).

(E) OCTT (Oral glucose tolerant, test): It has already discussed before.