Urinary Incontinence: Causes, Symptoms and Treatments - QS Study
QS Study

Urinary incontinence is not a disease, it is a symptom. Urinary incontinence is the uncontrolled leakage of urine; in general provisions, it means an individual urinates when they do not desire to. It arise the hammering of bladder control and it is a regular and often awkward problem.

It can be caused by day after day lifestyle, causal medical conditions or physical problems. There are numerous types of urinary incontinence, including:

  • pressure incontinence – when urine leaks out at times when your bladder is below pressure; for instance, when you cough or laugh
  • entirety incontinence – while bladder can’t accumulate any urine at all, which reasons you to pass urine relentlessly or have repeated leaking.
  • spill over incontinence (chronic urinary retention) – when you’re not capable to completely clear your bladder, which causes repeated leaking
  • urge incontinence – when urine leaks as you sense a hasty, intense urge to pass urine, or soon afterwards

Causes of urinary incontinence

Spread out incontinence is frequently caused by an obstacle or impasse to bladder, which prevents it emptying entirely. Pressure incontinence is generally the effect of the deteriorating of or spoil to the muscles used to avert urination, such as the pelvic floor muscles and the urethral sphincter. Entirety incontinence may be reasons by a difficulty with the bladder from birth, a spinal injury, or a bladder fistula.

Some assured things can raise the probability of urinary incontinence emergent, including:

  • pregnancy and vaginal birth
  • obesity
  • a family history of incontinence
  • increasing age



A few people occurrence infrequent, minor leaks of urine. Others wet their clothes repeatedly.

Types of urinary incontinence include:

  • Functional incontinence. A physical or psychological mutilation keeps you from making it to the toilet in time. For example, if you have rigorous arthritis, you may not be capable to unbutton your pants speedily adequate.
  • Urge incontinence. You might require urinate frequently, including during the night. Urge incontinence might be caused by a negligible situation, such as infection, or a further stern situation such as neurologic chaos or diabetes.
  • Stress incontinence. Urine leaks when you apply force on your bladder by coughing, sneezing, laughing, exercising or stimulating something weighty.
  • Overflow incontinence. You experience repeated or constant dribbling of urine due to a bladder that doesn’t unfill totally.


Treatments for urinary incontinence

Treatment for urinary incontinence will depend on various aspects, such as the kind of incontinence, the patient’s age, common health, and their rational state.

Stress incontinence

Pelvic floor exercises, also known as Kegel exercises, help strengthen the urinary sphincter and pelvic floor muscles – the muscles that help control urination.

Bladder training

  • Interruption the event – aspire is to control urge. The patient learns how to holdup urination whenever there is an urge to do so.
  • Toilet timetable – this means going to the toilet at set times throughout the day. The patient learns to go, for example, every 1 hours.
  • Twice voiding – this involves urinating, then waiting for a couple of minutes, then urinating again.

Bladder training helps the patient steadily expand back power over their bladder.

Medications for urinary incontinence

If medications are worn, they are typically done so in amalgamation with other techniques or exercises. The following medications are prescribed to treat urinary incontinence:

  • Anticholinergics – calm overactive bladders, may help patients with urge incontinence
  • Topical estrogen – may reinforce tissue in the urethra and vaginal areas and lessen some of the symptoms of incontinence
  • Imipramine – a tricyclic antidepressant


Surgery is an alternative if supplementary therapies have not been efficient. Women who preparation to have children should argue surgical options thoroughly with their doctors.

  • Sling procedures – this help to sustain the urethra and stop urine from leaking out.
  • Colposuspension – The procedure can help patients with stress incontinence.
  • Artificial sphincter – an artificial sphincter inserted to maintain the flow of urine from the bladder into the urethra.

Risk factors for urinary incontinence

The subsequent are risk factors connected to urinary incontinence:

  • Fatness – fat people have augmented force on their bladder and adjacent muscles, which weakens the muscles and makes it further likely that a leak happens when the individual laugh or coughs
  • Smoking – Habitual smokers are further likely to increase a chronic cough, which may effect in episodes of incontinence
  • Gender – women have a considerably superior possibility of experiencing pressure incontinence than men, particularly if they have had children
  • Some diseases and situation – people with diabetes, kidney disease, spinal cord injury, old age or neurologic diseases.



Urinary incontinence is a greatly familiar trouble than most people understand. It’s not for eternity probable to avert urinary incontinence, but there are few steps you can take that may help decrease the possibility of it emergent.

These include:

  • scheming your weight
  • avoiding alcohol and cigarette
  • keeping healthy – in exacting, make certain that your pelvic floor muscles are strong.