Type 1 Diabetes: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment - QS Study
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Diabetes is an enduring situation that causes a person’s blood sugar or glucose level to become too high. There are two types of Diabetes: Type 1 and Type 2. Here briefly describe on Type 1 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes happens when our immune system demolishes cells in our pancreas called beta cells. In assumption, only about 6-8% of people with diabetes have type 1. It distresses men and women similarly. Even though the disease generally starts in people in teenage, but it can occur at any age.

Symptoms of diabetes

Symptoms of type 1 diabetes generally grow fast; it takes few weeks, and is caused by lofty blood sugar. Distinctive symptoms of type 1 diabetes are:

  • Feeling extremely thirsty
  • Often urination
  • Feeling very tired
  • weight loss and loss of muscle bulk
  • Pain in your belly
  • Fatigue and weakness

The symptoms of type 1 diabetes typically develop very fast in teenage (15 to 25) people (at least few weeks). In adults, the symptoms regularly catch longer to grow (at least few months).

Causes of type 1 diabetes

Doctors don’t know all the belongings that guide to type 1 diabetes. It wallops both teenagers and adults at any age. It arrives on abruptly, reasons reliance on injected or take insulin for lifetime, and bearing the invariable threat of disturbing obstacles.

In the majority people with type 1 diabetes, the body’s have immune system — which in general struggles destructive bacteria and viruses — mistakenly destroys the insulin-producing (islet) cells in the pancreas.

The majority people with type 1 diabetes have symbols of this attack, called auto antibodies. They’re there in approximately every person who has the situation when their blood sugar is high.

Type 1 diabetes is often inherited (runs in families), so the autoimmune reaction may be genetic. If you have a close family member – such as a parent, brother or sister – with type 1 diabetes, you have about a 10% possibility of also raising the situation. The threat for people who don’t have a close relation with type 1 diabetes is just under 0.50%.

It’s not recognized accurately what triggers the immune system to molest the pancreas, but several researchers have suggested it may be a viral infectivity.

Diagnosis and Treatment

If your doctor/consultant assumes you enclose type 1 diabetes, he’ll test your blood sugar levels. He may check your urine for glucose or chemicals your body makes when you don’t have sufficient insulin. But at present there’s no approach to avert type 1 diabetes.

Treatment for type 1 diabetes includes:

  • Taking insulin
  • Carbohydrate counting
  • Frequent blood sugar monitoring
  • Eating well foods
  • Exercising regularly and maintaining a fit weight.


Exercise is a vital element of care for type 1. But it isn’t as easy as going out for simple exercise. You have to set of scales your insulin dose and the food you eat with any movement, even plain tasks around the house or yard.

Insulin Therapy: The dispute with this conduct is that it’s regularly not doable to know precisely how much insulin to acquire. The quantity is based on many things, including:

  • Food
  • Exercise
  • Stress
  • Emotions and general health

Balancing Act: These factors oscillate significantly throughout every day. So, deciding on what dose of insulin to take is a convoluted balancing act.   If you get too much, then your body burns too much glucose — and your blood sugar can drop to a treacherously low level. This is a situation called hypoglycemia, which, if unprocessed, can be potentially severe.



Despite dynamic study, type 1 diabetes has no treatment. But it can be managed. With appropriate conduct, people with type 1 diabetes can expect to live longer, better live than did populace with type 1 diabetes in the precedent.