Migraine: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment - QS Study
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migraine can cause ruthless throbbing pain or a pulsing sensation, generally on just one side of the head. Migraines are severe, sometimes unbearable headaches. It’s habitually accompanied by nausea, vomiting and tremendous sensitivity to light and sound. The most familiar types of migraine are those with aura (classical migraines) and those without aura (common migraines).

Symptoms

Migraines habitually instigate in childhood, teenage years or early adulthood. Migraines may growth through four stages: prodrome, aura, headache and post-drome, though you may not occurrence all stages.

Although not all migraines are the same, typical symptoms include:

  • Moderate to severe pain, usually confined to one side of the head during an attack, but can occur on either side of the head
  • The pain is usually a severe, throbbing, pulsing pain
  • Increasing pain during physical activity
  • Inability to perform regular activities due to pain
  • Feeling sick and physically being sick
  • Increased sensitivity to light and sound, relieved by lying quietly in a darkened room

Causes

Though migraine causes aren’t implicit, genetics and environmental factors emerge to play a role. Migraines may be caused by changes in the brainstem and its relations with the trigeminal nerve, a foremost pain pathway.

Factors that may trigger a migraine include:

  • severe heat or extreme weather
  • hormonal changes, such as estrogen fluctuations during menstruation, pregnancy etc
  • bright lights
  • loud sounds
  • excess stress
  • loss of sleep
  • foods such as aged cheese, salty, or processed foods
  • eating foods that have the additive tyramine, which is found in soy products, hard sausages, smoked fish, aged cheeses etc.
  • taking certain medicines, such as oral contraceptives or nitroglycerin

 

Diagnosis

There is no actual experiment to diagnose migraine. Doctors diagnose migraines by take note to your symptoms and performing a physical exam to rule out other possible causes. Imaging scans, such as a CT or MRI scan, sedimentation rate (a blood test), including tumors or strokes.

Treatment

Different people take action to diverse treatments.

Medications used to combat migraines fall into two broad categories:

  • Pain-relieving medications. Also known as acute or abortive treatment, these types of drugs are taken during migraine attacks and are designed to stop symptoms.
  • Preventive medications. These types of drugs are taken frequently, repeatedly on a daily basis, to decrease the harshness or occurrence of migraines.

Some lifestyle alterations might help reduce migraine frequency,

  • Getting sufficient sleep
  • Plummeting stress
  • Avoiding certain foods
  • Regular physical exercise.

Migraine treatment (abortive therapies) and prevention (prophylactic therapies) focus on avoiding triggers, controlling symptoms and taking medicines.

 

Conclusion

Migraines are very familiar. About 100 in every 1000 people in the World have at least one migraine harass every month. You can get migraines for the first time at any age. There’s no real treatment for migraines, but there are conduct to care for symptoms, diminish the pain and stop them occurrence so regular.