QS Study

Diarrhoea: Passing of loose stool three or more times per day is called diarrhoea. It generally occurs when fluid cannot be absorbed from your bowel contents, or when extra fluid leaks into the bowel, causing watery stools. A familiar cause of diarrhoea in both children and adults is gastroenteritis, which is an infection of the bowel. Most cases of Diarrhoea are caused by an infection in the gastrointestinal tract.

Classification: 3 Types:

  1. No sign of diarrhoea = < 5% fluid loss.
  2. Some signs of diarrhoea = 5 -10% fluid loss.
  3. Severe diarrhoea = > 10% fluid loss.

Clinical signs and symptoms of diarrhoea:

  • Sunken eye
  • Thirsty
  • Dryness of tongue
  • Loss of skin elasticity / developing wrinkling.
  • Irritability
  • Restlessness
  • ↓ Urine output it (oliguria)
  • Tearless eye dry
  • Weakness
  • Blood pressure ↓
  • Pulse rate ↑
  • Rapid and shallow respiration.