QS Study

The Inferior Surface of the Liver –

The liver is the largest solid organ and the largest gland in the human body. It is located below the diaphragm in the right upper quadrant of the abdominal cavity. It is a metabolically active organ accountable for many vital life functions. It carries out over 500 essential tasks.

Inferior surface of liver: (Visceral surface)

  • Shape – Quadrilateral.
  • Direction – Downwards, backward and to the left.

It is molded by the shape of the organs surrounding it, resulting in an irregular and flat shape.

Boundary –

(1) It is separated from the anterior and right lateral surfaces by the sharp inferior border.

(2) From the posterior surface by the Portero inferior border.

The visceral surface reflects the liver’s relation with the esophagus, the right kidney, the right adrenal gland, the right colic flexure, the lesser omentum, the duodenum, the gallbladder, and the stomach.

Peritoneal relations

Most of the surface is covered with peritoneum except for three areas –

(i) Fissure for ligamentum teres.

(ii) Porta hepatis.

(iii) Fossa for gallbladder.

Features

(1) Gastric impression – on the under the surface of the left lobe,

(2) Tuber omentale.

(3) Fissure for ligamentum teres.

(4) Quadrate lobe,

(5) Porta hepatis,

(6) Caudate and papillary process.

(7) Fosse for the gallbladder.

(8) Duodenal impression.

(9) Colic impression.

(10) Renal impression.

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