Chikungunya: Overview and Treatments - QS Study
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Chikungunya is a disease in humans reasoned by the chikungunya virus. It is a viral infection transmitted to humans by contaminated mosquitoes. The virus is not often deadly but the symptoms can be harsh and disabling. The majority patients get well from the fever within 5-7 days, but the joint pain has been identified to continue for few weeks. Even after few months, many of patients report persistent joint pain.

The chikungunya virus is present in Africa, Southeast Asia and the Indian subcontinent where a number of outbreaks have occurred.

How chikungunya is spread?

Humans and other some animals like monkeys are the innate hosts for the chikungunya virus. The virus is extend to humans by the bite of a contaminated female Aedes species mosquito – Aedes aegypti or Aedes albopictus. These are the similar tropical and sub-tropical mosquitoes that hold the dengue virus. These mosquitoes can be initiate biting during daytime hours, though there may be peaks of movement in the early morning and late daylight.

Cause

By the way, both Dengue and Chikungunya are origin by Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes, two types that are playing destruction in the state. Chikungunya infection is a viral infection transmitted in humans by the bite of contaminated mosquitoes. Aedes aegypti mosquito (also called yellow fever mosquito) is the main transmission mediator for Chikungunya Virus (CHIKV).

Signs and symptoms

Symptoms generally begin 4-7 days after being bitten by a contaminated mosquito. The majority familiar symptoms are fever and joint pain. Chikungunya is distinguishing by an sudden onset of fever regularly accompanied by joint pain. Other familiar signs and symptoms include muscle pain, headache, vomiting, exhaustion and itchiness.

Chikungunya disease is characterized by abrupt onset of:

  • soaring fever
  • headache
  • harsh joint pain generally in the arms and legs
  • muscle pain and back pain

Most people initiate to experience better after 7 to 10 days though several people will extend longer phrase joint pain.

 

Diagnosis

The symptoms of chikungunya are similar to those of dengue and Zika, ailments extend by the similar mosquitoes that convey chikungunya. The diagnosis is based on signs and symptoms and confirmed with a blood test.

  • Incubation period (time between becoming contaminated and rising symptoms)

Typically 4 to 6 days with a range of 1 to 12 days.

  • Infectious period (time during which an contaminated person can contaminate others)

Chikungunya cannot be extend openly from person to person.

Treatment

There is no exact healing for chikungunya disease. The use of pain prescription and rest can endow with reprieve for several of the symptoms. There is no definite antiviral remedy treatment for chikungunya. Treatment is aimed at above all relieving the symptoms, including the joint pain using anti-pyretics, optimal analgesics and fluids. There is no vaccine to avert Chikungunya virus disease.

 

Prevention

  • Keeping out from childcare, nursery, school or work is not essential but contaminated people must keep away from being bitten by mosquitoes while they are ailing.
  • There is no vaccine to avert infection.
  • Personal protection and the environmental management of mosquitoes are significant in preventing illness.

Essential safety measures ought to be taken by people travelling to menace areas and these comprise use of repellents, exhausting long sleeves and pants and ensuring rooms are fixed with screens to avert mosquitoes from toward the inside. You must habituate sleep under a mosquito net and also use mosquito coils and insecticide vaporizers.

Conclusion:

Chikungunya illness does not habitually effect in death, but the symptoms can be harsh and disabling. The majority patients experience improved within 5-7 days. In a few people, the joint pain might continue for months. Once an individual has been contaminated, he or she is possible to be confined from future diseases. In exceptional cases, the germ can be transmitted through get in touch with an contaminated individual’s blood.