Bird Flu: Disease Overview and Treatment - QS Study
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Bird flu, also known as avian influenza, is a viral disease that can contaminate not merely birds, but as well humans and other animals. The majority forms of the virus are limited to birds.

People don’t hold the virus from intake completely cooked chicken or eggs. There have been a few cases where one contaminated individual caught the bird flu virus from another individual but only after close personal contact. So far, there has been no continual human-to-human extend of H5N1 (type of influenza virus).

Symptoms of bird flu

Bird flu symptoms in inhabitants can differ. Symptoms might begin exposed as usual flu-like symptoms. This can aggravate to become a rigorous respiratory disease that can be serious. You might have an H5N1 disease if you experience usual flu-like symptoms such as:

  • cough
  • respiratory troubles
  • fever (over 100.4°F or 38°C)
  • headache
  • runny nose
  • painful throat
  • diarrhea
  • muscle aches
  • depression

These symptoms can appear on unexpectedly. The moment from infection to begin of symptoms (incubation stage) is typically three to five days, even though in a few cases it can be up to one week.

Causes of bird flu

While there are numerous kinds of bird flu, H5N1 was the primary avian influenza virus to contaminate human beings. The earliest infection raised in Hong Kong in 1997. The epidemic was related to conduct contaminated poultry.

H5N1 arises naturally in wild waterfowl, but it can extend simply to home poultry. The infection is transmitted to individuals through get in touch with contaminated bird feces, nasal secretions, or secretions from the oral cavity or eyes.

Consuming appropriately cooked poultry or eggs from contaminated birds doesn’t convey the bird flu, but eggs should never be served liquid. Meat is measured secure if it has been cooked to an inside temperature of 165ºF (73.9ºC).

How is bird flu diagnosed?

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have standard a test premeditated to recognize avian influenza. The experiment is called influenza A/H5 (Asian lineage) virus real-time RT-PCR primer and probe set. It is able to present beginning results in just three hours. However, the test isn’t generally obtainable.

Your physician might as well execute the subsequent tests to look for the existence of the germ that causes bird flu:

  • auscultation (a test that detects abnormal breath sounds)
  • white blood cell discrepancy
  • nasopharyngeal culture
  • chest X-ray

Additional experiments can be prepared to evaluate the execution of your heart, kidneys, and liver.

 

Treatment for bird flu

Diverse categories of bird flu can reason dissimilar symptoms. As a result, treatments might differ.

In the majority cases, treatment with antiviral medicine such as oseltamivir (Tamiflu) or zanamivir (Relenza) can aid decrease the harshness of the infection. However, the medicine ought to be taken within two days after symptoms primary come into view.

On April 17, 2007, the FDA announced its authorization of the first vaccine to avert human infection with one strain of the bird flu. The vaccine has been purchased by the U.S. federal government to be disseminated by community health officials if required. This vaccine will not be prepared commercially obtainable to the common people.

Other bird flu vaccines are creature developed by other companies. And the World Health Organization has an accumulation of the vaccine, with campaign to promptly manufacture further if required.

Your physician might place you on a inhalation device if you grow a harsh illness. People with alleged symptoms of bird flu (avian flu) will be recommended to reside at home, or will be cared for in hospital in separation from other patients.

The major recommendations are:

  • resting
  • drinking ample of fluids and eating healthily
  • taking medicine to aid care for fever and soreness, such as aspirin and paracetamol

How is bird flu prevented?

Your physician might suggest you obtain a flu shot so that you don’t also obtain a human strain of influenza. If you grow both the avian flu and human flu at the similar time, it might produce a new and perhaps fatal form of the flu.

There are a number of things you can do to decrease your menace when you visit areas where outbreaks have been reported, such as:

  • avoid get in touch with surfaces that are infected with bird droppings
  • don’t pick up or touch birds (dead or alive) (in contaminated areas)
  • keep away from visiting live animal markets and poultry farms (in contaminated areas)
  • don’t eat or grip undercooked or raw poultry, egg or duck dishes
  • all the time follow good personal hygiene, such as washing hands regularly

There are no limitations on travel to countries that have been or are at present affected by bird flu.

 

Conclusion

Bird flu, or avian influenza, is a viral disease extends from bird to bird. At present, a mainly fatal strain of bird flu “H5N1” continues to extend among poultry in many countries and particularly some parts of Asia. Because the virus has extends to wild birds, livestock, and even to donkeys, it will be complicated, if not viable, to eliminate. As of 2011, the virus was glowing recognized in six nations: Bangladesh, China, Egypt, India, Indonesia, and Vietnam. Millions of birds have been killed throughout outbreaks to avert the virus diffusion and being conceded on to populace.