QS Study

The abdomen houses vital organs in the body. It is a necessary part of a study for doctors when they are assessing pain and illness in patients. The abdomen contains most of the tube-like organs of the digestive tract, as well as several solid organs. The anterior abdominal wall forms the anterior limit of the abdominal viscera.

Infraumbilical part of an anterior abdominal wall: This division of the ventral wall cannot be said to survive until the emergence of the genital tubercle with the subsequent growth of a period between the tubercle and lower connection of the body stalk. In the series examined the interval wrest becomes apparent in an embryo of 12-5 mm. which shows a well-marked genital tubercle with a narrow dense band of mesoderm between it and the attachment of the stalk.


Above – A transverse (imaginary) line across the umbilicus.

Below –

  • Anterior part of the iliac crest.
  • Fold of the groin,
  • Pubic tubercle,
  • Pubic crest,
  • Symphysis pubis.

On each sale – Mid-axillary line. It is separated from the posterior abdominal wall by the downward prolongation of the mid-axillary line.

Superficial Fascia – The superficial fascia consists of fatty connective tissue. The composition of this layer depends on its location:

  • Above the umbilicus – a single sheet of connective tissue. It is continuous with the superficial fascia in other regions of the body.
  • Below the umbilicus – divided into two layers; the fatty superficial layer (Camper’s fascia) and the membranous deep layer (Scarpa’s fascia).
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