Acne: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment - QS Study
QS Study

Acne is an appearance creates mainly in adolescents and manifest by skin complaint particularly on the face. It is a skin circumstance that happens when your hair follicles become plugged with oil and dull skin cells. Acne generally appears on your face, neck, chest, backside and shoulders.

Acne is the majority widespread among teenagers, with a reported dominance of 75 to 85 percent. Gradually more, younger children are getting acne as well. Depending on its sternness, acne can reason psychological suffering and scar the skin. The earlier you begin action, the inferior your hazard of enduring physical and emotional harm.


Acne is principally a hormonal situation obsessed by ‘androgenic’ hormones, which in general become vigorous during the teenage years. During teenage years, both boys and girls generate high levels of androgens, the male sex hormones that contain testosterone. Testosterone signals the body to make further sebum, the oil produced in the skin’s oil glands.

Four main factors cause acne:

  • Bacteria
  • Clogged pores
  • Dead skin cells
  • Oil production

Acne normally appears on your face, neck, chest, backside and shoulders. These parts of skin have the majority oil (sebaceous) glands. Acne happens when hair follicles become blocked with oil and departed skin cells.


Acne can be initiate more or less anywhere on our body. It most generally develops on our face, backside, neck, chest, and shoulders. If you have acne, you will normally perceive skin complaints that are white or black in look. Both blackheads and whiteheads are identified as comedones. Blackheads open at the outside of your skin, giving them a black look due to the cause of oxygen in the air. Whiteheads are closed just under the surface of your skin, generous them a white look.

Acne signs and symptoms differ depending on the harshness of your situation:

  • Papules are small red, raised bumps caused by inflamed or infected hair follicles.
  • Pimples (pustules), which are papules with pus at their tips
  • Nodules are hard, frequently painful lumps under the surface of your skin.
  • Blackheads (open plugged pores — the oil turns brown when it is exposed to air)
  • Painful, pus-filled lumps under the surface of the skin.


Treatment and diagnosis for acne depends on how harsh it is. For simple cases – where you have a only some blackheads, whiteheads or spots – you be supposed to be able to care for them with over-the-counter gels that include benzoyl peroxide.

Just three kinds of drugs have established to be helpful for the healing of acne — antibiotics, benzoyl peroxide, and retinoids. The majority people oblige at least one or two agents, depending on the harshness of their acne.

For treatment doctor may recommend one of the following treatments;

  • Benzoyl peroxide creams or gels.
  • Azelaic acid. This is an antiseptic medicine generally used as an option to benzoyl peroxide.
  • Antibiotic lotions or gels, such as clindamycin or erythromycin. These can aid to diminish irritation by controlling the levels of usual P. acnes bacteria on skin.
  • Topical retinoids such as tretinoin and isotretinoin. Retinoids can be vaguely nauseating to skin, but this should resolve over time.

You may also become further susceptible to sunlight, so make sure you draw on bounty of sunscreen if you’re going out in the sun. You shouldn’t apply retinoids if you’re pregnant as they can reason spoil to your baby.


Risk factors for acne include:

  • hormonal transforms caused by puberty or pregnancy
  • having parents who had acne
  • a diet high in refined sugars or carbohydrates, such as bread and chips
  • certain medications, such as certain birth control pills or corticosteroids

Genetics also plays a function in acne. If both parents had acne, you’re likely to grow it, too. You might increase acne where your skin comes into get in touch with with oily lotions and creams or with fat in a work area, such as a kitchen with fry vats. Pressure, anxiety or stress doesn’t reason acne, but if you have acne by now, anxiety or tension may craft it inferior.


To prevent acne and diminish its spoil to your skin, follow these tips.

  • washing your face twice a day with an oil-free cleanser
  • using an over-the-counter acne cream to remove excess oil
  • avoiding makeup that contains oil
  • removing makeup and cleaning your skin thoroughly before bed
  • showering after exercising
  • avoiding tight-fitting clothing
  • eating a healthy diet with minimal refined sugars
  • reducing stress

Clean your face softly, as disturbance to the acne breakouts may aggravate the acne or reason scarring. When washing your face, use your hands or cotton pads, as any terrycloth or other scrubbing fabric may cause acne sores to split. If you are a woman, use an oil-free foundation. Heavy makeup or similar cosmetic products that obstruct pores may reason a flare-up of acne.



If you endure from acne, you recognize it’s further than just a few skin complaint. Its disturbing impact is further than skin deep. Even as the majority regular skin situation in the humankind, acne can compose you suffer lonely, unappealing, and unhappy. But now for several good news – as medical circumstance can aid you get it beneath control with the correct amalgamation of vigorous ingredients, allowing you to take pleasure in life free from this trouble.