Explain Uses of Noble Gas - QS Study
QS Study

Uses of Noble Gas:

(A) HELIUM

  • Because of its lightness and non-inflammability helium is used to filling balloons for meteorological observations.
  • Because of its lightness, it is used in inflating aeroplane tyres.
  • The helium-oxygen mixture is used by deep-sea divers in preference to nitrogen-oxygen mixtures. It is much less soluble in blood than N2. This prevents “bends” which is the pain caused by the formation of nitrogen bubbles in blood veins when a diver comes to the surface.
  • A mixture of oxygen and helium is used in the treatment of asthma.
  • Liquid helium (b.pt 4.2K) is used as the cryogenic agent for carrying out various experiments at low temperatures.
  • It is used to produce and sustain powerful superconducting magnets which form an essential part of modern NMR Spectrometers and Magnetic Resonance Imaging system (MRI) for clinical diagnosis.

(B) NEON

  • Neon is used in discharge tubes and fluorescent bulbs for advertisement display purposes.
  • Mixed with helium it is used to protect electrical instruments from high Voltages.
  • It is also used in beacon lights for the safety of air navigation as the light possesses fog and storm-penetrating power.
  • The neon light is used in botanical gardens as it stimulates growth and helps the formation of chlorophyll.

(C) ARGON

  • Mixed with 26% percent nitrogen it is used in gas-filled electric lamps.
  • It is also used in radio valves and tubes.

(D) KRYPTON AND XENON

  • Krypton and xenon are also used in filling incandescent metal filament electric bulbs.
  • They are also used to a small extent in discharge tubes.

(E) RADON

  • It is used in radioactive research and in radiotherapy for treatment of cancer.