DNA and RNA: a Competitive View - QS Study
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DNA and RNA: a Competitive View

DNA

  • DNA is deoxyribonucleic acid
  • DNA is self-replicating.
  • DNA is mainly found in the chromosomes (in the nucleus of it cell).
  • DNA has double stranded helix and both the helical strands are coiled in opposite directions.
  • DNA nucleotides consist of deoxyribose sugar.
  • The nitrogenous bases found in DNA are- Purine bases: Adenine and Guanine; Pyrimidine bases: Cytosine and Thymine.
  • DNA is the genetic Materials
  • DNA is a long polymer with deoxyriboses and phosphate backbone. Having four different nitrogenous bases: adenine, guanine, cytosine and thymine
  • deoxyribonucleic acid, is like a blueprint of biological guidelines that a living organism must follow to exist and remain functional
  • More stable in alkaline solution

RNA

  • RNA is ribonucleic acid.
  • RNA is synthesized from DNA when needed.
  • RNA occurs mainly in the cytoplasm but it is also found in the nucleolus, nucleoplasm and chromosomes.
  • Generally, RNA is formed of a single strand. Double stranded RNA is also found but they are non-helical RNA molecule may be coiled on itself.
  • RNA nucleotides consist of ribose sugar.
  • The nitrogenous base found in RNA are- Purine bases: Adenine and Guanine; Pyrimidine bases: Cytosine and Uracil.
  • RNA when present with DNA is the genetic material.
  • RNA is a polymer with a ribose and phosphate backbone. Four different nitrogenous bases: adenine, guanine, cytosine, and uracil.
  • RNA, or ribonucleic acid, helps carry out this blueprint’s guidelines.
  • It is rapidly hydrolyzed in alkaline solution.