Define and Describe on Optical Isomerism - QS Study
QS Study

Optical Isomerism: Optical isomers are mirror-images to each other and have an asymmetric or chiral carbon atom in their molecules. They can rotate the plane of plane polarized light in the opposite direction. Optical isomers were given their name because they were first able to be distinguished by how they rotated plane-polarized light.


Conditions of Optical Isomerism:

(i) The compound must be optically active.

(ii) There must exist a chiral carbon atom in the organic morn to make it asymmetrical and thus show the optical activity.

(iii) Optically active compounds rotate the plane of plane polarized light into opposite directions.

(iv) This results in two different configurations, example; it produce two optical isomers.

(v) The configurations are mirror images of one another.