Ideal Gas Equation

The Ideal Gas Equation Boyle’s, Charle’s and Avogadro’s laws may be combined to give a general relation between the V, P, T and n of......

The Absolute Zero of Temperature

The Absolute Zero of Temperature At – 273.16°C or 0°K the volume of any gas would theoretically be zero. In reality most gases become liquid......

Avogadro’s Law: Explanation in terms of Gaseous State

Avogadro’s Law In describing the behavior of gases Avogadro(1811),  an Italian  physicist proposed that: equal volumes of all gases at the same temperature and pressure......

Boyle’s Law: Explanation in terms of Gaseous State

Boyle’s Law The effect of pressure on the volume of a gas was extensively studied by Robert Boyle in 1662. He enclosed some gas at......

Charle’s Law: Explanation in terms of Gaseous State

Charle’s Law or Gay-Lussac’s Law All gases increase in volume when their temperature is raised. If numerical data of volume of a given quantity of......

Carbohydrate Foods

Carbohydrate The foods which mostly contain the constituent of sugar or glucose are called carbohydrates. For example: rice, wheat, flower, maize, corn, sugar, molasses etc.......

Hydrogen Bonding: Description in terms of Inter-molecular Forces

Hydrogen bonding Strong forces of attraction exist between molecules containing a hydrogen atom bonded to a highly electronegative element such as nitrogen, oxygen or fluorine.......

Intramolecular Hydrogen Bonding: Definition in terms of Inter-molecular Forces

Intramolecular hydrogen bonding (i.e. hydrogen bonding between the hydrogen atom in one part of the molecule with an electronegative atom like oxygen or nitrogen in......

Muta-rotation: Definition and Description

Muta-rotation: α-and β-forms show specific rotation of + 113° of glucose and + 19° respectively. It is the change in the optical rotation because of......

Why Dispersion Forces Depend on two Aspects of Molecular Structure?

Dispersion forces depend on two aspects of molecular (or atomic) structure. First, they increase in magnitude with the size and number of electrons and protons......

Dipole-Induced Dipole Force

Dipole-induced dipole force (London forces or dispersion forces) A dipole–induced dipole attraction is a weak attraction that results when a polar molecule induces a dipole......

How Structure of Glucose Molecule can be Identify?

The structure of glucose molecule can be identified by the following reactions: (i) The structural formula of glucose C6H12O6 (ii) Reduction: Being reduced by HI,......