Individual Barriers in Communication Process - QS Study
QS Study

Individual Barriers in Communication Process

Individual Barriers: Communication Barriers created by the sender and receiver are known as individual barriers. This type of Barriers relate to the factors that are personal to the sender and receiver and act as a hindrance in the communication process.

Such barriers include the following:

(a) Differences in personality: Personality is the set of attributes that define a person. Every person holds a distinct personality. This individual nature of personality acts as barrier to communication.

(b) Perceptual differences: Perception is the unique way in which people respond or interpret in object. Difference in perception is a very common problem in effective communication. It happens because people perceive or interpret a situation differently.

(c) Fear: Fear of reprisal or attack, fear of criticism for knowing very little etc., may create problem in communication.

(d) Stereotyping: Stereotyping is generalizing about a class of people or events that is widely held by a given culture. In case of stereotyping, people develop common statements and mindsets about others. This orientation exposes itself in such statement and mindsets. For example, “All used car salesmen are dishonest” or “All foreign recruiting agents are liars”. Such all inclusive perceptions not only are seldom correct but they also block mental activity that is necessary for successful communication.

(e) Halo Effect: The halo effect is the tendency to use a general impression based on one or a few characteristics to Judge other characteristics of that same individual. For example, a manager might identify one trait of an employee, such as an excellent attendance record and perceive that the employee’s productivity and quality of work must also be outstanding.