Types of Cell Division - QS Study
top logo

Cell division is of three types:

(i) Amitosis (ii) Mitosis and (iii) Meiosis.

  • Amitosis: This type of cell division occurs in unicellular prokaryotic organisms like Bacteria, Yeast etc. In this division, at first the nuclear materials are directly splitted into two portions and then the cell divides into two from the middle region. As a result, from one cell there’ develops two.
  • Mitosis: Mitosis is a type of cell division by which a eulcaryofic cell divides into two by a special method. In this process, the nucleus and chromosome are divided once and the number, structure and properties of chromosome in the newly formed cell remain just alike the mother cell. Mitosis is also termed as equational division. Normally this division occurs in somatic cell. As a result of this division, the plant and animal increases in length and breadth. Mitosis occurs in all meristamatic cells of plants.
  • Meiosis: Meiosis is a type of cell division by which a Eukaryotic cell divides into four cells by a special method. In this process the nucleus divides twice but the chromosome divides once. The number of chromosome in the newly formed daughter cell reduces to the half the number of mother cell. As the number of chromosome reduces to half this process is also termed as reduction division. In Greek ‘Meiosis’ means ‘to reduce’ and from this the term Meiosis comes in use. This division occurs in reproductive mother cells of diploid organisms. As a result haploid gametes develop. In haploid organisms, this. division occurs in the zygote, as a result of which the organism becomes haploid again.