Plylum - Sarcomastigophorea Kingdom - QS Study
QS Study

Habit and habitat: The organisms of the phylum are cosmopolitan. Some members of these phyla are free-living but some are colonial, some lives on damp and wet soil, many species lives in fresh water and marine water. Many members are the external or internal parasite of plants or animals, such as (Amoeba) free-living organism of fresh water.

Identifying Characters:

a. Animals of this phylum are unicellular, mic—oscopic. All of the functions are performed by the single cell.


Fig: Different types of Unicellular Animals

b. They have no cell wall (outside the cell membrane); in the cytoplasm, there is a centriole, one vacuole is present, no plastic.

c. They locomote with the help of pseudopodia.

d. They live singly or in colonies.

e. They are free-living animals. Example: Amoeba proteus.

Kingdom Animalia:

Habit and habitat: Animals of this phylum are generally known as the sponge. They are of different sizes, shape and colour. They are distributed worldwide. In the adult stage, they live underwater attached to some objects. They live in colonies. They look like a plant. Major members are marine but some live in fresh water. Identifying Characters:

  1. These are simplest multi-cellular animals.
  2. There are many small pores or ostia in their bodies
  3. Internal circulation is maintained by the canal system.
  4. There is no separate well-formed tissue, organ or system.

Example: Scypha gelatinous (Marine sponge). Spongilla fraglIts (Freshwater sponge)