Importance of Plants Fertilization - QS Study
top logo

Fertilization is the union of two dissimilar sexual reproductive units called gametes (n). It is the act or process of initiating biological reproduction by insemination or pollination. The union of male and female gametes to form a zygote. The act or process of applying a fertilizer. Fertilization can also refer to the act of adding outside nutrients to the soil around the plant or directly to the plant itself.

Significance of fertilization:

The following are the significances performed due to the union (fusion) of male and female gametes (n + n)

(i) The haploid farm of two gametes art transformed into a diploid form of zygote (2n)

(ii) The ovules are converted into seeds

(iii) The ovary is turned to a fruit

(iv) The seeds formed by fertilization protect the generation of plants. Thus it is noticed that seeds and fruits are formed due to fertilization.

(v) Seeds and fruits formed due to fertilization are used as food for animal kingdom.

(vi) Fertilization ensures diploid of the organism by fusion of haploid male and female gametes.

(vii) Fertilization process increases the metabolic activities and the rate of protein synthesis of the egg.

(vii) Fertilization initiates embryogenesis.